The Panel Timeline (Apr-July 2019)

1,000 years, 14 parishes - 10 timeline panels!

Creating 10 panels to cover 1,000 years of history across the 14 parishes of Rochford District was no easy task. The call went out to each parish for information, with our aim set to include as many important facets as possible. Additional research was gathered and our historians discussed the initial draft of 14 panels to refine them into a set of 10.

Each panel covers a time period and a theme and was designed to be displayed both individually and collectively with the others. There are overlaps in dates across the panels but no gaps. 

The 10 panels covering 1,000 years of history across the 14 parishes of Rochford District

Panel

Period

 

Title

Content

 

Artist

1

1016-1080

 

Saxons-Danes-Normans

1016 Battle of Assandune; 1020 Ashingdon Church; Stigand and Bayeux Tapestry extract; 1066 coronation of Harold & William

 

Daniel

2

1080-1180

 

Domesday Days

Map marking old place names and items mentioned in Domesday Book, e.g. beehive, vineyard, watermill, animals, ploughs, Rayleigh Castle (1070, named in Domesday Book)

 

Olly / Sally

3

1100-1500

 

Historic Churches

Old churches across the district; Foulness & South Fambridge rebuilt in 19th C

 

Carol

4

1180-1300

 

Markets & Maritime

Markets & Fairs: towns developed around the markets, ale houses, animals & corn to market, blacksmiths, etc.

Maritime: boat building, sheep farming on marshy islands, fishing, oyster catching, wading birds, watermills, 1210 ‘sea defences’ law created named islands

 

Sally

5

1300-1500

 

People & Places

Manor Houses; nobility (Mary de Bohun marrying future Henry IV); Peasants Revolt 1381; Hullbridge causeway used by Canterbury pilgrims; Ashingdon Church pilgrims; farming; brick making; goods on barges to London; Royal woodland; first chapel on Foulness; Thomas de Stapel as sergeant-at-arms to Edward III

 

Sally

6

1500-1700

 

Turbulent Times

Rochford Hall (Anne/Mary Boleyn, Richard Rich leaving money for Almshouses); Protestant martyrs (1555); Congregationalists meeting in secret at Rochford Hall; Puritans join Pilgrim Fathers (John Winthrop, first governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony); Canewdon witch trials (1580); Dutch protestants come to Foulness/Wakering; Bishop Lancelot Andrewes (family owned Chichester Hall) a major translator of the King James Bible (1611)

 

Ian / Sally

7

1620-1820

 

Law & Order

Sea trade increases, Barling/Wakering named as sea ports; Smuggling (‘Hard Apple’ Blyth) & ship wrecking.

Lawless Courts; Barling ‘gallows field’ and gaol; John Harriot (founder of Thames River Police and local “Rochford Hundred Association Against Murderers Felons & Thieves”)

 

Sally

8

1700-1950

 

Social & Christian Change

Congregationalist public school (1741); Poor Law of 1835 & Workhouse; Police Stations (1840); Women’s Suffrage disorder (1912); Hockley Spa (1842); Philip Benton (c.1860s).

Methodism comes to Rochford via Leigh fishermen (1820); James Banyard forms Peculiar People (1837); Baptist in Rayleigh (1797); Rayleigh Elim church (1926)

 

Daniel

9

1820-2020

 

Air, Land & Sea

Air: first airfield in Britain (1909) at Fambridge; World Wars; ‘Southend’ airport

Land: Railway (1889); A127 first road built for motorised vehicles (1925); Crossrail/RSPB

Sea: Beagle anchored off Paglesham (1845); Screw pile lighthouse (1835); the Broomway; ferries across River Crouch

 

Sally

10

1900-2020

 

Parish Perspectives

Key landmarks or features for each of the 14 parishes

 

Carol / Olivia